messerschmitt bf 109 facts

It has been suggested that Bayerische Flugzeugwerke (BFW) was originally not invited to participate in the competition due to personal animosity between Willy Messerschmitt and RLM director Erhard Milch;[nb 1] however, recent research by Willy Radinger and Walter Shick indicates that this may not have been the case, as all three competing companies—Arado, Heinkel and BFW—received the development contract for the L.A. 1432/33 requirements at the same time in February 1934. The Spanish Hispanos flew even longer. Some Bf 109Fs were used late in the Battle of Britain in 1940 but the variant came into common use only in the first half of 1941. 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The Messerschmitt Bf 108 Taifun (German for "typhoon") was a German single-engine sports, touring and communications aircraft developed by Bayerische Flugzeugwerke (Bavarian Aircraft Works). The parasol winged Fw 159, potentially inspired by the same firm's earlier Focke-Wulf Fw 56, was always considered by the E-Stelle Travemünde facility's staff to be a compromise between a biplane and an aerodynamically more efficient, low-wing monoplane. The Bf 109 is the most produced fighter aircraft in history, with a total of 33,984 airframes produced from 1936 to April 1945. The British fighters, on the other hand, had Merlin engines which would briefly lose their fuel supply if they entered a steep dive. Ebert, Hans A., Johann B. Kaiser and Klaus Peters. [32], From the 109F-series onwards, guns were no longer carried inside the wings. The Bf 109 was flown by the three top-scoring fighter aces of all time, who claimed 928 victories among them while flying with Jagdgeschwader 52, mainly on the Eastern Front. Bf 109s remained in foreign service for many years after World War II. The exact amount of Bf 109G-12s built is unknown as war-weary G-2, G-4, and G-6 airframes were converted or rebuilt to produce this variant. It was headquarted in Augsburg, Germany. It was a light all-metal monocoque design with the rudder being covered with cloth. [21] The installation of a fixed "tall" tailwheel on some of the late G-10s and −14s and the K-series helped alleviate the problem to a large extent.[22]. All of the main pipe connections were colour-coded and grouped in one place, where possible, and electrical equipment plugged into junction boxes mounted on the firewall. 41–45, 63–64, 76–81, 82–83. On 11 November 1937, the Bf 109 V13, D-IPKY flown by Messerschmitt's chief pilot Dr. Hermann Wurster, powered by a 1,230 kW (1,650 hp) DB 601R racing engine, set a new world air speed record for landplanes with piston engines of 610.95 km/h (379.62 mph), winning the title for Germany for the first time. The conformal gun pods, exclusive of ammunition, weighed 135 kg (298 lb);[34] and 135 to 145 rounds were provided per gun. As a result, the Bf 109 was an advanced design at the time it was introduce… However, their purposes were very different. It was supplied to several states during World War II, and served with several countries for many years after the war. V3 followed, the first to be mounted with guns, but it did not fly until May 1936 due to a delay in procuring another Jumo 210 engine. As a result, the He 112 V4 which was used for the trials had new wings, spanning 11.5 m (37 ft 8.75 in) with an area of 21.6 m2 (232.5 ft2). They were also concerned about the high wing loading.[13]. [3] Production of the Spanish-built Hispano Aviación HA-1109 and HA-1112 Buchons ended in 1958.[3]. [8] The powerplant was to be the new Junkers Jumo 210, but the proviso was made that it would be interchangeable with the more powerful, but less developed Daimler-Benz DB 600 powerplant. At the same time, Heinkel was instructed to radically redesign the He 112. The first flight by a Messerschmitt Bf109 took place in September 1935. All Messerschmitt aircraft that originated after that date, such as the Me 210, were to carry the "Me" designation. After Luftwaffe acceptance trials were completed at their headquarters Erprobungsstelle (E-Stelle) military aviation test and development facility at Rechlin, the prototypes were moved to the subordinate E-Stelle Baltic seacoast facility at Travemünde for the head-to-head portion of the competition. The Messerschmitt Bf 109 began as an entry by the Bayerische Flugzeugwerke in a Luftwaffe (German Air Force) fighter competition in the early 1930s. It was designed by Willy Messerschmitt and Robert Lusser who worked at Bayerische Flugzeugwerke during the early to mid-1930s. [3] The Bf 109 first saw operational service in 1937 during the Spanish Civil War and was still in service at the dawn of the jet age at the end of World War II in 1945. Ersätzteiliste Bf 109K, Rumpfwerk, Baugruppe 209.728. The great success and longevity of the Messerschmitt Bf 109 can be attributed to the simple directness of its design. * Production up to end of March 1945 only. [32], The much longer and heavier MG FF had to be mounted farther along the wing in an outer bay. The Bf 109 received its baptism of fire in July 1937, when Republican forces went onto the offensive west of Madrid. Willy Messerschmitt's creation incorporated one of the most advanced aerodynamic designs at the time, with retractable landing gear, an enclosed cockpit, automatic slats, cantilever wings and stressed skin construction. It was a well-armed plane that could be used as an interceptor, ground-attack plane, or fighter-bomber. However, a captured Bf 109 had to be tested in order to know both the strong and weak points of the new fighter. With the location of the production sites, the Allied bombers were able to attempt "precise" air strikes. It was highly automatic and thus easy to fly. [33][36], Some of the projected 109K-series models, such as the K-6, were designed to carry 30 mm (1.18 in) MK 108 cannons in the wings. [15], In March, the RLM received news that the British Supermarine Spitfire had been ordered into production. It was one of the first modern fighters of the time. While the R-IV contract called for a wing-loading of less than 100 kg/m2, Messerschmitt felt this was unreasonable. You can power it with from 50 to 55 CC gas engines. By concentrating the loads in the firewall, the structure of the Bf 109 could be made relatively light and uncomplicated. The installation was so cramped that parts of the MG 17's breech mechanism extended into an opening created in the flap structure. Comparing the Messerschmitt Bf 109 Single-Seat, Single-Engine Fighter Aircraft against the North American P-51 Mustang Single-Seat, Single-Engine Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft. V.[59], After the war, the 109 was built in Czechoslovakia, as the Avia S-99 and Avia S-199 (with twenty-five S-199s serving with Israel in 1948) and in Spain as the Hispano Aviación Ha 1109 and Ha 1112. It was also flown by many aces from other Axis nations, notably the Finn Ilmari Juutilainen, the highest-scoring non-German ace. The Heinkel He 112, based on a scaled-down Blitz, was the favourite of the Luftwaffe leaders. The Bf108 was a four-seater touring plane, while the Bf109 was a single seat fighter. The Messerschmitt Bf 109 (commonly called the Me 109) is a German single-seat fighter that served with the Luftwaffe throughout the Second World War. The critical altitude of 6,000 metres was to be reached in no more than 17 minutes, and the fighter was to have an operational ceiling of 10,000 metres. The performance was to be evaluated based on the fighter's level speed, rate of climb, and maneuverability, in that order.[8]. During the Battle of Britain, it was pressed into the role of escort fighter, a role for which it was not originally designed, and it was widely employed as a fighter-bomber, as well as a photo-reconnaissance platform. 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